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Spirit of the Frontier

Itinerary mapThe rich traditions of the Native Americans, the adventures of the "voyageur" fur traders, the perseverance of the early pioneers, the faith of the early missionaries, the ethnic heritage of the immigrants who came across the sea - the settlement of the area came slowly.

They came to farm the land, to find adventure, and later, to seek their fortune in gold. These brave pioneers left behind a rich legacy, found at historic sites, pioneer villages and museums across the region. Together with the history of the Native Americans, these immigrant stories weave the tapestry of the spirit of the frontier.

(Click Map to Enlarge)

Day 1 - St. Paul to Chanhassen to Bloomington, MN (37 mi/60 km)

MINNESOTA

In 1805, Lt. Zebulon Pike bought the site of Fort Snelling, including most of the current area of Minneapolis and St. Paul from the Dakota Indians for $200 in trade goods and 60 gallons of liquor. The Fort overlooks the confluence of the Minnesota and Mississippi Rivers. Visit the interpretive center and costumed staff who recreate daily life in the 1820s (2.0 hours). Inside the Minnesota History Center, the dramatic architecture of the vault in the rotunda and arched window framing the State Capitol Building are magnificent. The Minnesota A to Z Exhibit is a fun look at the state’s history (1.0 hour). On St. Paul’s Summit Avenue, tour the James J. Hill House, mansion of the railroad magnate. His railroads opened the land west of the Mississippi to new settlers and commerce (1.0 hour). Travel to Shakopee for a tour of Murphy’s Landing, a pioneer village and living history center on the banks of the Minnesota River (2.0 hours). This evening visit Mystic Lake Casino or enjoy dinner and a play at the Chanhassen Dinner Theater.

Overnight: Bloomington, MN

Day 2 - Bloomington to Pipestone, MN (181 mi/290 km)

Follow the Minnesota River south to New Ulm, a charming German settlement, showcasing German-style architecture. On the main street, a Glockenspiel chimes the hour and plays musical pieces at noon, 3 p.m. and 5 p.m. (20 minutes). Visit the Schell Brewery, one of the four original breweries operated by early German immigrants (2.5 hours). Beautiful gardens surround the home of the brewery owners. Then depart for Walnut Grove, the town featured on the television series, “Little House on the Prairie.” In one of many moves across the region, the Ingalls family came here from Wisconsin in 1874. See the dugout site that was the Ingalls’ home described in the book, "On the Banks of Plum Creek." Nearby, the Laura Ingalls Wilder Museum includes memorabilia from the family and other pioneer artifacts (2.5 hours). Finish the day with a tour of the Pipestone National Monument, where Native Americans still harvest pipestone from the natural quarry.

Overnight: Pipestone, MN

Day 3 - Pipestone, MN to Mitchell, SD (339 mi/543 km)

SOUTH DAKOTA

From Pipestone, cross the border into South Dakota this morning. The Old Courthouse Museum (45 minutes) and Pettigrew Home and Museum (45 minutes) depict the history of Sioux Falls, South Dakota’s largest city. The National Music Museum in Vermillion (1.0 hour) features 7,500 rare, antique musical instruments from around the world at this internationally famous museum. Yankton was the site of the Dakota Territorial Capitol (15 minutes), a bustling trading post and riverboat town on the banks of the mighty Missouri River.

Overnight: Mitchell, SD

Day 4 - Mitchell to Brookings, SD (107 mi/172 km)

In Mitchell, visit the World’s Only Corn Palace (30 minutes), a tribute dating back to the 1890s to celebrate the harvest in South Dakota. The building is decorated in thousands of bushels of corn and small grains. Tour the Prehistoric Indian Village and Archeodome (1.0 hour) in Mitchell. This site was the home of the Woodland people 900 to 1,000 years ago. The Dakota Discovery Museum (1.0 hour) exhibits the lives, culture and art of pioneers from the 1800s through the 1930s. Madison’s Prairie Village (1.0 hour) is a genuine turn-of-the century prairie town with authentic buildings of South Dakota’s early years. The South Dakota Art Museum in Brookings (1.0 hour) features South Dakota’s diverse artistic legacy. The Museum’s collection consists of more than 6,000 objects and artifacts and works by nationally known artists like Harvey Dunn and Oscar Howe. Visitors to the South Dakota Agricultural Heritage Museum, dedicated to preserving the area’s rich rural heritage, will understand the important role of agriculture in South Dakota’s past, present and future (45 minutes).

Overnight: Brookings, SD

Day 5 - Brookings to Sisseton, SD (221 mi/354 km)

Laura Ingalls Wilder, famous author of the “Little House on the Prairie” books, based six of her books on her life in De Smet. Tour original Ingalls’ homes and enjoy wagon rides and demonstrations of pioneer activities (3.0 hours). Relive days gone by through the artwork of Terry Redlin, one of America’s best-loved artists, at the Redlin Art Center (1.5 hours) in Watertown. Fort Sisseton, established in 1864, is one of the nation’s best-preserved cavalry forts. Tour the barracks, officers’ quarters, guardhouses and museum of this military outpost (1.5 hours), now a scenic state park near Sisseton. Trek to the top of Nicollet Tower for a breathtaking three-state view. The observation tower honors Joseph N. Nicollet, a French cartographer, who mapped the Coteau des Prairies in the 1830s.

Overnight: Sisseton, SD

Day 6 - Sisseton, SD to Fargo, ND (103 mi/165 km)

NORTH DAKOTA

This morning you will depart South Dakota and head north. In Wahpeton, take a ride that will transport you back in time on the Prairie Rose Carousel (30 minutes), a fully restored and enclosed 1926 Spillman carousel. The Bagg Bonanza Farm (1.0 hour) is America’s only intact bonanza farm with restoration of 29 buildings. North of Wahpeton, tour Fort Abercrombie (30 minutes) which protected the northwestern frontier and became a link to the chain of military posts from St. Paul to the Montana gold fields. Located in West Fargo, Bonanzaville (1.5 hours) is a 45-building restored pioneer village set on 15 acres. Then enjoy the ambiance of the city of Fargo with its many cultural attractions The Plains Art Museum (1.0 hour), the largest art museum between Minneapolis and Seattle, features three galleries including regional artists, a permanent collection and special exhibits. A great conclusion to an action-packed day awaits you at the Fargo Theatre, a vintage movie palace built in 1926 to showcase major silent films and vaudeville acts (2.0 hrs for film showing, 30 min for tour). Their Wurlitzer pipe organ has been restored to its art modern décor.

Overnight: Fargo, ND

Day 7 - Fargo to Grand Forks, SD (80 mi/128 km)

Start the day with a visit to the Heritage--Hjemkomst Center (1.0 hour), which displays an authentic handmade Viking longship that was sailed from Duluth, MN to Bergen, Norway in 1982. The center, located just across the Red River from Fargo in Moorhead, MN, also includes a permanent interpretive exhibit. At the University of North Dakota Center for Aerospace Sciences in Grand Forks, you will find that the UND Aerospace Center is a leader in aviation training and research development. Tours feature CAS – Altitude Chamber, Atmospherium Planetarium, Severe Weather Analysis Center and the Aeroheritage Room (2.0 hours). Grand Forks is also home to the 319th Air Refueling Wing. At the Grand Forks Air Force Base, tours can be set up to meet interests of the group (1.0 hour). Visit the North Dakota Museum of Art (1.0 hour), offering a contemporary art display with an extensive gift shop. In New Rockford, the Siouxland Buffalo Ranch (1.0 hour) features herds of buffalo, a meat processing plant and a buffalo gift shop.

Overnight: Grand Forks, ND

Day 8 - Grand Forks, ND to Winnipeg, MB (144 mi/231 km)

North of Grand Forks in Pembina, the Pembina State Museum (1.0 hour) features 100 million years of regional history. The seven-story observation tower offers a panoramic view of the surrounding landscape.

MANITOBA

Manitoba’s capital city of Winnipeg (pop. 670,000) delights in the flavor of St. Boniface, also known as the French quarter. It is the largest French-Canadian community west of Quebec and grew out of the fur trade. The voyageurs’ joie de vivre (love of life) is shared with visitors on the area’s walking tour, featuring stops at the St. Boniface Museum, the Centre Cultural Franco--Manitobain and Fort Gibraltar (4.0 hours). Stop at The Manitoba Museum for a full accounting of the fur trade era, including a life-size replica of a ship that carried fur pelts from Hudson Bay to England. The museum also highlights the historical significance of the Metis, the offspring of unions between European and Aboriginal peoples in Manitoba (2.0 hours).

Overnight: Winnipeg, MB

Day 9 - Winnipeg to Brandon, MB (122 mi/196 km)

Step back in time with a stroll through the heritage buildings and native encampment of Lower Fort Garry National Historic Site. Learn about the day-to-day lives of the settlers who once lived in this premier fur trading post (2.0 hours). Then visit the fur trading headquarters at Fort la Reine Museum and Pioneer Village in Portage la Prairie (1.0 hour). This was an important trading post in the mid-1700s. The Manitoba Agricultural Museum and Homesteaders Village simulates life in the 1800s in Austin and contains one of the largest collections of vintage farm machinery in Canada (1.0 hour). A Brandon Walking Tour will introduce you to the architecture that charts the lifestyle of the downtown area from the 1820s to the 1940s (1.0 hour). Tours of the Commonwealth Air Training Plan Museum, the Royal Canadian Air Force’s training schools for World War II pilots (1.0 hour) and the Daly House (1.0 hour) showcase Brandon’s history.

Overnight: Brandon, MB

Day 10 - Brandon to Boissevain, MB (62 mi/100 km)

Enjoy a short drive to the charming town of Souris. The historical home of early settler Squire Sowden’s family, the Heritage Church and the Souris Suspension footbridge, are a few of the highlights found in this pretty rural community (2.0 hours). The past comes alive with the Boissevain art murals, Beckoning Hills Museum and Moncur Gallery, containing native artifacts dating back to 10,000 BC (3.0 hours). Wind up the Spirit of the Frontier Tour through the warm hospitality found at Dueck’s Cedar Chalet and Walkinshaw Place and stop in Deloraine where 250 Flags of the World stand.

Overnight: Boissevain, MB